Rules

The Northwest Submission Challenge follows the rule set designated by the International Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation. We highly recommend all coaches and competitors familiarize themselves with the IBJJF rules. We offer a referee clinic and a competitors meeting to answer any questions but ALL competitors should be familiar with the rules.

Match Rules:

The referee, based upon the referee's training and experience, will award points and advantages. Athletes, coaches, and spectators may not argue with any of the referee staff during or after a match. Any problems must be taken up with the tournament organizer.                   The goal of the match is for an athlete to use their ability to submit their opponent but points will be awarded for techniques and positions that put an opponent in a disadvantageous position.

2 Point techniques:

Takedowns:

  • When an athlete forces his/her opponent back-down, sideways or into a seated position on the ground after standing on two feet at some point during the movement, and keeps the fight on the ground and himself/herself in the top position for 3 (three) seconds.
  • When an athlete forces his/her opponent to the ground on all fours or belly-down, points shall only be awarded once the athlete performing the takedown has established a back clinch on his/her opponent—hooks need not be in place but at least one of the opponent’s knees must be maintained on the ground for 3 (three) seconds.
  • If an athlete forces his/her opponent to the ground in the outlying safety area, the athlete performing the takedown should have both feet within the match area when the movement begins. In this case, if the athletes land in a stabilized position, the match shall be restarted at the center of the match area and the athletes will be placed in the same position they were in when the match was stopped. The referee will count 3 (three) seconds of stabilization before scoring the points.
  • When the opponent has one or two knees on the ground, the athlete performing the takedown will only be awarded points if he/she is standing at the moment the takedown is carried out.
  • When the athlete forces his/her opponent to the ground using a single or double-leg takedown and the opponent lands seated and successfully applies a counter-takedown (another takedown), only the athlete performing the counter-takedown shall be awarded the two points when he/she can stabilize this position for 3 (three) seconds.
  • For any takedown technique where the athlete, delivering his/her opponent back-down or sideways on the ground, lands in guard or half-guard and immediately suffers a successful sweep by the opponent, he/she shall be awarded an advantage relating to the takedown and his/her opponent shall be awarded the two points from the sweep.
  • Athletes who initiate a takedown movement after the opponent has pulled guard shall not be awarded the two points or advantage point relating to the move.
  • Athletes who suffer a takedown from opponent and manage to roll on top position shall no longer be awarded and advantage point by the referee.
  • If an athlete “A” grabs his/her opponent’s leg then competitor “B” jumps guard: Athlete “A” have three seconds to put you down to receive 2 points for takedown, otherwise no points will be scored.

Knee on belly:

When the competitor on top gets the position with his knee across the belly, facing opponents head with the other knee not touching the ground for at least 3 seconds points will be awarded. Go to YouTube

Sweep:

If a competitor that is on the bottom in either guard or half guard is able to invert the position and get on top and show positional control he will be awarded 2 points. Go to YouTube

Notes:

  1. The sweep must begin either the half guard or guard.
  2. If during the sweep both athletes go to their feet (stopping the action) no points will be awarded, but normal takedown points can apply.
  3. In case the athlete is attempting to pass the guard and attempts a foot lock without success with the adversary sitting up, the competitor on top will receive 2 points after he defends the attack and keeps the position for at least 3 seconds.

3 Point Techniques:

Passing the Guard:

When an athlete passes from full guard or half guard to a perpendicular position, past the legs of their opponent for at least 3 seconds with positional control 3 points will be awarded. Go to YouTube

4 Point Techniques:

Mount:

If a competitor is able to mount on top of his opponent with both knees on the ground and maintain positional control for at least 3 seconds 4 points will be awarded. The athlete on the bottom can be on their side stomach or back, and the athlete on top may have a knee and a foot on the ground but may not have either his knee or his feet between his opponent's legs. Go To YouTube

Notes:

  1. After an athlete achieves a mount position he/she does not has obligation to move forward and they cannot be call for “Stalling” by the referee.
  2. If a competitor has a triangle from guard and sweeps to mount, only sweep points will be awarded.

Back Grab:

When a competitor is able to position himself on the back of his opponent with his legs wrapped around this opponents waist and his heels putting pressure on the inside of his opponents thigh and maintain positional control for at least 3 seconds 4 points will be awarded. Go To YouTube
Notes:

  1. After an athlete achieves a back grab position he/she does not has obligation to move forward and they cannot be call for “Stalling” by the referee.

Advantages:

It is considered an advantage when the athlete attempts but does not complete any of the fundamental moves of the fight, example: near sweep, near take down, near submission etc. If the scores are tied at the end of a match the winner will be decided by the number of advantage points.

When the athlete achieves half-guard position, exception to reverse half-guard and deep half-guard (top)
Achieving half-guard does not warrant an advantage point for an athlete who was in mount or side-control
Athletes who begin a sweep but deliberately do not seek to complete the movement, in order to retain their defensive position, shall not be awarded an advantage point for almost sweep.
NO advantages will be awarded for sweep that start and end in a 50/50 guard situation

General Notes:

A competitor can not score new points when he changes into a position that he has received points in previously (i.e. knee on belly, then switching sides; mounting then hopping off mount then re-mounting), unless their opponent is defending the position.
No points will be awarded to a competitor who improves his position while in a submission; points are awarded only after the submission is completely defended.

Serious, Severe and Stalling rules:

Serious

1st penalty – The referee will mark the first penalty for the athlete. For examples bellow:

When an athlete kneels or sits without having a grip of any kind on the opponent.

When a standing athlete flees the bounds of the match area, avoiding combat with the opponent.

When a standing athlete pushes his/her opponent to outside the match area without clear intent of attempting a
submission or scoring. (Note: previously, the athlete being pushed was the one penalized).

When an athlete on the ground evades combat by sliding his/herself outside the match area.

When an athlete on the ground stands to escape combat and does not return to combat on the ground.

When an athlete breaks the grip of the opponent pulling guard and does not return to combat on the ground.

When an athlete intentionally removes his/her own gi or belt, causing the match to be stopped.

When an athlete grabs the opening of the opponent’s sleeve or pant leg with the fingers placed inside the garment, even if performing a sweep or any other maneuver.

When an athlete grabs the inside of the opponent’s gi top or pants, and when an athlete passes a hand through the inside of the opponent’s gi to grip the external part of the gi.

When an athlete disobeys a referee order.

When an athlete exits the match area following a match prior to the referee announcing the result (For these specific cases there is no gesture for penalization and the referee will signal one penalty be added on the scoreboard for the athlete who left the match area

When an athlete deliberately exits the match area to prevent the opponent from completing a sweep or takedown (In this case and only this case, the referee should signal two points be awarded to the opponent and one penalty point be added to the score of the athlete who exited the match area).

For Jiu Jitsu No-Gi, when an athlete grabs hold of his/her uniform or that of his/her opponent in any way

When an athlete places a hand or foot on his/her opponent’s face.

When an athlete intentionally places his/her foot in his/her opponent’s belt.

When an athlete intentionally places a foot on the opponent’s lapel without gripping the same side of the lapel with his/her hand.

When an athlete places a foot in the lapel behind the opponent’s neck, with or without gripping it.

When an athlete uses his/her own belt or the opponent’s belt to assist in a choke or any other circumstance in a match while the belt is untied.

When an athlete, without using the gi, strangles his/her opponent using both hands, or applies pressure to the opponent’s windpipe using the thumb.

When an athlete holds the neck using both hands (one in front and one behind).

When an athlete takes more than 20 seconds to tie his/her belt during a match stoppage.

When an athlete speaks to the referee during a match.

When an athlete runs around the match area and does not engage in the combat.

When an athlete unintentionally reacts in a way that places his/her opponent in an illegal position.

2nd penalty –The referee will point the athlete and say out loud the word: LUTE (for stalling) or FALTA (for other penalties) then give an advantage point concession to opponent of penalized athlete and second penalty marked on scoreboard for perpetrating athlete

3rd penalty –The referee will point the athlete and say out loud the word: LUTE (for stalling) or FALTA (for other penalties) then give two points concession to opponent of penalized athlete and third penalty marked on scoreboard for perpetrating athlete.

4th penalty – Disqualification of perpetrating athlete

Serious penalties are cumulative between them and different fouls will bring into effect the escalating penalty sequence

If the athlete has already received penalties for lack of combativeness on the scoreboard, these penalties will be added to the penalties for serious fouls.

* In the under-15-year-old divisions, on an athlete’s fourth and fifth fouls the referee shall award two points to the opponent and one penalty point to the perpetrating athlete for each penalty. Only on the sixth penalty shall the referee disqualify the perpetrating athlete.

Severe rules

Severe rules are classified in two different levels: Technical Penalties and Disciplinary Penalties as follow:

Technical Penalties

Athlete will be disqualified from the match at the moment of the infraction. Here are some examples:

When an athlete’s gi is rendered unusable and he/she is unable to exchange it for a new one within a period of time stipulated by the referee.

When an athlete deliberately flees the match area to avoid submitting to a submission hold applied by his/her opponent – DQ.

When an athlete is not wearing an undergarment under his/her gi and this fact comes to the referee’s attention – DQ.

In the Jiu-Jitsu No-Gi, when an athlete applies creams, oils, gels or any slippery substance to any part of the body – DQ.

When an athlete applies a hold prohibited for his/her respective division, as indicated at Idaho Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation – DQ.

When athlete tries to cover his/her opponent’s mouth, using their hands, preventing them to bread intentionality - DQ

Disciplinary Penalties

Athlete will be disqualified from the match and competition at the moment of the infraction. Here are some examples:
When an athlete directs profane language or obscene gestures at his/her opponent, the center table, table officials, referee or public – DQ.

When an athlete exhibits hostile behavior towards an opponent, referee or any other member of the organizing committee or public – DQ.

When an athlete bites, pulls hair, strikes or applies pressure to the genitals or eyes, or intentionally uses a traumatic blow of any kind (such as punches, elbows, knees, head butts, kicks, etc) – DQ.

When an athlete exhibits offensive or disrespectful behavior towards an opponent or the public through words or gestures during a match or in celebrating victory – DQ.

Stalling rules

Any athlete clearly not pursuing positional progression in a match and also when an athlete blocks his/her opponent from progressing advance his/her position defines as stalling. Note: this situation can occur to both athletes at same time. Stalling is not declared when an athlete is defending his/ herself from an opponent’s attacks from mount, back-control, side control or north-south positions. Competitor must stay active and not take more than 20 seconds to transition from one position to another one.

OTHERWISE, the referee should issue:

  1. 1st offense of stalling: The referee will mark the first penalty for the athlete performing the gesture for a lack of combativeness pointing diagonally towards ground, saying out loud the word “LUTE” showing penalty gesture corresponding with warned athlete

If 20 seconds later competitor continues NOT to fight the referee should issue:

  1. 2nd offense for stalling: show the stalling gesture and the PENALTY with ADVANTAGE gesture. NOTE: Starting with the 2nd offense for stalling – the athlete who’s breaking the rules shall be penalized (again) or disqualified, according to the penalty count on the scoreboard at the moment of the infraction due to that some of the other rules are cumulative.

If 20 seconds later competitor continues not progressing positions, the referee will issue:

  1. 3rd offense for stalling: show PENALTY with 2 POINTS gesture.

After another 20 seconds competitor continues not to fight, the referee will issue:

  1. 4th offense for stalling: referee signals to both competitors to stand up, show disqualification gesture – DQ

Here are some of the examples classified as Stalling:

When a competitor goes to side-control or north-south positions over an opponent, does not seek positional progression.

When an athlete in an opponent’s closed guard does not seek to pass guard and at the same time prevents the opponent from seeking positional progression from guard.

When the bottom athlete playing closed guard wraps his/her arms around the opponent’s back or performs any other controlling movement clutching the opponent to him/her without intending to achieve a submission or score.

When an athlete on foot grabs and maintains his/her hand on the opponent’s belt, preventing the opponent from completing a take-down movement and without attempting an attack of any kind.

Double guard pull then after 20 seconds no athlete will come up to top position. Match will be stopped and referee will signal to both competitors to stand up and re-start match from standing position.

Conclusion of a match:

All matches will end with a winner. Any athlete can win by:

  • Submission
  • Disqualification
  • Unconsciousness
  • Points
  • Referee Decision
  • Medical Reasons (bleeding)

Submission occurs when a technique forces an opponent to signal their in ability to counter or escape a submission by tapping with their hand on their opponent or the on the floor. Tapping with their foot to the ground (unable to use hands). Verbally tapping, or yelling out in pain.
The referee can stop a match any time due to a submission he feels is in danger of injuring an athlete, awarding the win to the athlete applying the submission.
If there is a case of a competitor bleeding freely, the fighter is responsible to stop the bleeding in a reasonable time.  If they begin bleeding freely again the match will be stopped and awarded to his opponent.
One of the 2 opponents is defeated after losing consciousness by any of the valid moves: strangling, pressuring, or takedowns, or accidents in which the adversary has not committed any foul worthy of disqualification.

Illegal Submissions and Techniques:

Cervical locks or neck cranks are not allowed in any category except for chokes in the juveniles (16-17 years) or adult divisions in all belts.
In children's divisions between 4-15years, when a competitor is executing a triangle and the opponent stands up it is the referees obligation to stand in a position to protect both athletes, specifically to reduce the risk of cervical damage.

Teen (13-15)

  • Choke with spinal lock
  • Straight foot lock
  • Forearm choke using the sleeve (Ezequiel choke)
  • Frontal guillotine choke
  • Omoplata
  • Triangle (pulling head)
  • Arm triangle
  • Lock inside the closed guard with legs compressing kidneys or ribs
  • Wrist lock
  • Single leg takedown while the attacking athlete has his head outside his opponents body.
  • Bicep slicer
  • Calf slicer
  • Knee bar
  • Toe hold
  • Slam
  • Spinal lock without choke
  • Heel hook
  • Locks twisting the knees.
  • Knee Reaping
  • Scissor Takedown
  • In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
  • In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
  • Bending fingers backwards
  • Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
  • Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.
  • Mount naked choke
  • Jumping closed guard (white belts and nogi beginner)

Teen (16-17)

  • Lock inside the closed guard with legs compressing kidneys or ribs
  • Wrist lock
  • Single leg takedown while the attacking athlete has his head outside his opponents body.
  • Bicep slicer
  • Calf slicer
  • Knee bar
  • Toe hold
  • Slam
  • Spinal lock without choke
  • Heel hook
  • Locks twisting the knees.
  • Knee Reaping
  • Scissor Takedown
  • In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
  • In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
  • Bending fingers backwards
  • Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
  • Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.
  • Mount naked choke
  • Jumping closed guard (white belts and nogi beginner)

Adult White Belt, Novice Nogi, and Beginner Nogi

  • Lock inside the closed guard with legs compressing kidneys or ribs
  • Wrist lock
  • Single leg takedown while the attacking athlete has his head outside his opponents body.
  • Bicep slicer
  • Calf slicer
  • Knee bar
  • Toe hold
  • Slam
  • Spinal lock without choke
  • Heel hook
  • Locks twisting the knees.
  • Knee Reaping
  • Scissor Takedown
  • In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
  • In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
  • Bending fingers backwards
  • Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
  • Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.
  • Jumping closed guard (white belts and nogi beginner)

Adult Blue Belt and Intermediate Nogi

  • Bicep slicer
  • Calf slicer
  • Knee bar
  • Toe hold
  • Slam
  • Spinal lock without choke
  • Heel hook
  • Locks twisting the knees.
  • Knee Reaping
  • Scissor Takedown
  • In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
  • In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
  • Bending fingers backwards
  • Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
  • Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.

Advanced BJJ and Advance Nogi

  • Slam
  • Spinal lock without choke
  • Heel hook
  • Locks twisting the knees.
  • Knee Reaping
  • Scissor Takedown
  • In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
  • In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
  • Bending fingers backwards
  • Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
  • Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.

Other Notes: 

All athletes in nogi divisions must wear a T-shirt or rashguard and grappling shorts. Shorts with pockets (board shorts) are not acceptable. CLICK HERE TO SEE FULL LIST OF UNIFORM REQUIREMENTS.

All athletes in the gi division may not wear a rashguard under the kimono except for women.

The kimono must be washed and dried with no unpleasant odors.

Toe and fingernails must be cut short and clean.

For the final matches there will be a maximum of twice the rest period for the athletes.

Brackets can be split and combined as needed to achieve the minimum number of athletes (3).

In order to receive a medal or prizes you must at least have one match in your division.

Time Limits:

Kids:

3 minutes
h4>White Belt/Beginner Nogi:
4 minutes

Blue Belt/Intermediate Nogi:

5 minutes

Advanced BJJ/Advanced Nogi:

6 minutes

Experience levels for divisions are as follows:

Adult Novice - 0-6 months of training (No wrestlers)
Adult Beginner -.5-1.5 years of training (white belts only)
Adult Intermediate - 1.5-4 years of training (or blue belt)
Adult Advanced - over 4 years of training (or purple and above)

All BJJ blue belts must compete in the intermediate nogi division, any purple belts in BJJ must compete in the advanced nogi division.

Skill level is determined by the amount of time spent training in any similar grappling art including mixed martial arts, judo, and sambo. Any wrestler with 3 or more years experience must enter intermediate nogi or above (this includes high school and collegiate wrestling).

All competitors must compete using the belt level awarded to them by their instructor. Competitors will not be permitted to compete up a division than their current belt level.

Divisions may be combined at the discretion of the table organizer to make sufficient brackets.